Nurmalitaseptiani's Blog

DASAR – DASAR PEMROSESAN KOMPUTER

Posted on: November 20, 2009

  • Sistem Komputer

1. Hardware ( HW )

2. Software ( SW )

3. Brainware ( BW )


  • Konfigurasi dari Hardware

  • Note :

CCU : Control Comunication Linit

( Unit yang mengontrol seluruh kerja dalam

computer ).

ALU : Animatic Logic Unit.

 

  • Komponen Penting Hardware

1. Alat input.

2. Alat pemrosesan.

3. Alat Penyimpanan.

4. Alat Output.

5. Alat komunikasi.

 

  • Alat Input ada 2 :

1. Langsung

Keyboard : Teleprinter terminal.

Point of sale.

Finansial transaction terminal.

Pointing device : Mouse.

Track Ball.

Light pen.

Touch screen.

Joystick.

Scanner : micr.

ODR.

OCR Reader, huruf capital. Cetak, di

tulis penuh.

OCR Tag Reader.

Barcode wand.

OMR.

Smard card reader.

Finger peint reader, sidik jari.

Pembaca retina mata.

Sensor.

Voice reoqnizer.

2. Tidak langsung

 

  • Alat Penyimpanan :

1. Main memori : RAM = Input Strage.

Program Strage.

Output Strage.

Working Strage.

ROM = Prom.

Eprom.

Eeprom.

2. Register.

3. External memori.

 

  • Alat Output :

Bentuk : Tulisan

Gambar.

Suara.

Grafik.

  • Software :

Sistem Software.

Aplikasi Software.

 

  • Jenis – Jenis Software :

1. Firm ware.

2. Utility program.

3. Sistem operasi.

4. Package program.

5. Application program.

6. LTP.

7. User program.

8. Bahasa pemrograman.


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